rehabilitating scarred post-industrial landscapes: investigating adaptive reuse as a strategy for dilapidated mining structures in the bushveld igneous complex
The dissertation examines the effects of industrial built environments in post- industrial mining areas, with an emphasis on engineering, research, and technology as well as its detachment from architecture. Where architecture is absent, prevailing derelict industrial environments struggle to support society and enhance quality of life. It is critical that all disciplines, engineering, science, and technology as well as architecture, collaborate to establish an interdependence between the ecological and built environments.
The closure of mining sectors, affects mining towns and their associated communities. Due to the closure of these productive industrial built environments, nodal cars and dilapidated structures remain within the landscape. Alternative industry diversification will be investigated as an implementation framework to ensure community sustainability and prosperity. This can be undertaken in tandem with the use of existing heritage industrial infrastructure which can be readapted when fine shafts close.
This research investigates the feasibility of the adaptive reuse and restoration of a dilapidated mine shaft in Marikana, in the North west Province of South Africa. This area exists within the Bushveld Igneous Complex. Existing abandoned industrial elements have the potential to be converted into mediators between scared topographies within nature and society. Alternative industries such as agriculture will be investigated through regenerative design to like Marikana’s geological past to its geological present. The political scar that exists within this region in the form of the Marikana Massacre which occurred in 2012, will also be investigated to understand its impacts within the post-industrial mining region socially, environmentally, and politically. Rehabilitation of this scarred landscape cannot exist without remembering and renewal cannot be achieved without rehabilitation