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kyle mackintosh


phigital phantasm


vredehoek quarry and tin mine, cape town

remembrance, phigital, doppelgänger, virtual reality, memory vessels, ghosts


This dissertation focuses on investigating the relationship between human memories and architecture, with architecture being regarded as a vessel for memory as a method for preservation. The project seeks to achieve this through the use of new emerging technologies in virtual space, archiving in the forms of virtual reality, and the data centre in conjunction with memorial architecture to inform a new typology for architecture that is saturated in memory.

The dissertation questions how architecture can support memory?; How one can see and interpret space in relation to memory? Can virtual space be regarded as an architectural space?; and what is the link between memories of the dead and spaces of living?

The approach into answering these questions consults a number of different disciplines such as psychology, ludology, thanatology and anthropology as well as investigating new ideas and technology in regards to virtual space and landscapes of memory.

The realisation of this project is a series of remembrance spaces located in and around the Vredehoek quarry on the slopes of Devils peak. The remembrance spaces integrate emerging virtual technologies such as virtual reality, augmented reality and holograms to create a space between the realities of the real and the virtual. This inbetween space is called phigital space. The phigital space act as the spatial anchor point that enables the user to interact with the virtually recreated memories of the deceased in an act of remembrance. The resulting architecture from aims to not only facilitate the act of remembrance and memorial but also act as a living archive of memories for future generations to discover about their familial history.


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dissertation document